Different Types of Chisels

Different Types of Chisels

A chisel appears to be deceptive. It looks to be a simple tool with a few functions on the surface. However, this essential instrument is capable of a wide range of functions. Different types of chisels are used for carving and cutting materials like stone, metal, and wood. It’s a common sight on building sites and in woodworking shops. Both professionals and enthusiasts extensively use chisels.

Firmer Chisel

The firmer chisel described chisels constructed of complex materials, such as solid steel. These tools are employed in heavy-duty woodworking and have a blade with a rectangular cross-section and wooden handles.

Bevel Edge Chisel

The most common chisel seen in stores is the Bevel Edge Chisel hand tool. Because of the bevel edges on its blade, the bevel edge chisel can get into acute angles, allowing it to go into tight corners and locations that other types of chisels cannot. And part of this quality can be ascribed to it being incredibly versatile.

Paring Chisel

Paring chisels are long, thin, and flexible chisels with beveled edges. The cutting edge of a paring chisel’s blade is honed to 15 to 20 degrees to allow easy cutting. Because paring chisels are delicate devices meant for fine work, they should never be struck with a mallet. Paring chisels also feature a long handle coupled to a tang and allow the worker to exercise maximum control over the instrument.

Slick Chisel

Slick chisels are larger versions of paring chisels. Because of their unusual baseball bat-shaped grip, these chisels are easily identified. This handle form provides a secure hold for the user. A slick chisel’s blade is more comprehensive and straighter than a paring chisel’s, with a cutting edge honed to wide angles of roughly 20 to 25 degrees. Slick chisels, like paring chisels, are used to remove thin bits of wood from the woodwork.

Bench Chisel

A bench chisel is a popular and functional chisel shorter than a bevel edge chisel. Its grip and blade are both 5 inches long on average. The bench chisel is an excellent choice for cabinet and furniture builders since it is suitable for paring, trimming, and chopping. It is easier to grip and manage because a bench chisel is shorter than other chisel kinds. It can also be beveled on the sides to provide access to dovetails. Meanwhile, straight-edged bench chisels are thicker and heavier. These are more suitable for cutting large areas of hard material. You may choose a straight or beveled-edge bench chisel in diameters ranging from 1/16 to 3 inches.

Butt Chisel

Butt chisels are chisels with a distinctively short blade. Butt chisels are said to have developed from more rigid or bench chisels that were subsequently reshaped and recut so much that the blades of these chisels were just a few inches long. A butt chisel’s blades are available in straight edge and bevel edge types. Butt chisels, as the name suggests, are used to insert butts and hinges. Carpenters find these blunt instruments so handy that their great demand has increased production of these hand tools.

Brick Chisel

As the name implies, Brick chisels are used to create clean cracks and cuts in bricks. Brick chisels are sometimes known as bolster chisels. Its large blade can cut through objects such as stone blocks. The brick chisel may also be used to clean masonry and concrete surfaces. However, because it is not comprised of hardened steel, it cannot cut through metal, such as reinforced bars. It is typically used in conjunction with a lump hammer to increase cracking bricks, blocks, and stone.

Dovetail Chisel

As the name implies, Dovetail chisels are mainly designed to make dovetails and polish dovetail connections. These hand tools have a long blade with beveled edges that have been sharpened to a 20- to a 30-degree angle. Dovetail chisels are used to point the interlocking pieces of a dovetail joint. Because a dovetail chisel has a long and thin blade, it may also be used to clear out a joint.

Corner Chisel

A corner chisel gets its name from the shape of its blade. Its blade is oriented at 90 degrees, allowing users to cut a precise corner in wood. You won’t need measuring tools to make a flawless corner using a corner chisel. Predictably, this chisel is quite popular among carpenters, particularly those who create cabinets. Corner chisels can also be used to make mortise and tenon connections, which link two pieces of wood. Woodworkers have been using mortise and tenon connections in neighboring pieces of wood for many years.

Different Types of Chisels: Conclusion

Although there are various additional chisels, the following list includes the most widely used types favored by carpenters, masons, and metalworkers. These chisels are propelled by a motor, providing them significantly greater force and accuracy than hitting a hand tool with a hammer.

Written by: Jessica Santos

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