The Pomeranian is most commonly known for being a small dog, typically weighing less than 8 pounds. Originating from their ancestors, the sled dogs, Pomeranians have European descent from Poland and Germany. Characteristics often used when describing this dog would be energetic and bold. A core memory most children have when growing up was of a Pomeranian in the show “The Suite Life of Zack and Cody,” where one of the main characters, “London Tipton,” owned one she would carry around in her purse. In this show, this dog accompanied the wealthy character. Back in the 1800’s, the royal family took a liking to this dog breed when Queen Victoria won a breeding competition for this particular line of dog. Before she won this, Pomeranians could weigh up to 30 pounds, but she wanted to make them smaller in stature. While Queen Victoria made them more well known, Poms have always been popular in the art world. While painting the Sistine Chapel, it was rumored that Micheal Angelo had a little Pomeranian by his side, resting on a pillow made of silk. In addition, Mozart composed a song in honor of his Pomeranian named Pimperl. This dog breed has a history of being viewed with wealth, class, art, and literature.
Four things to know to keep your little Pomeranian up to par
1. Purrr Princess
Keep their pearly whites clean and healthy! The most common way people do this is to buy them a dental toy, which is a win-win. They get to play with a dog toy while also doing something that benefits them. While we do not want their teeth smelling bad, the same goes with their fur. It is essential to maintain their hair and wash your pup regularly. Their fur is effortlessly thick, so make sure to comb it regularly to avoid tangles and an angry dog!
2. Bark around the Park
Make sure your pom is active. This breed of dog has a thick coat of fur, which can cause them to burn up if placed in the sun too long. Feed them at least twice a day and give them portions relative to their size. Get them outside on walks and have them play with toys. When giving them toys, be cautious of their size since they are so small already; giving larger toys will not be suitable for them. A popular toy is a puzzle toy, which is fun and requires a little bit of thinking.
3. Little and Ferocious
Poms can make pretty good guard dogs if trained correctly. Do not let their size fool you! Being their energetic selves, they have always been prone to making noise and can hold their own even with bigger dogs. Before training them to hold down the fort, it is necessary to implant the basics, such as not peeing everywhere. Implanting these essential house rules into their minds early encourages a sense of familiarity and routine that they will soon learn to obey. Do not let them boss you around! Oftentimes this breed acquires small dog syndrome, which makes them believe they are superior to their human owners. They can also act as caretakers obtaining the role of a therapy dog when needed. These little creatures can also live a pretty long life, living to around 15 years. During this life span, a pom, if female, can have 2-4 puppies in her litter. They can make good mothers as well as caretakers.
Despite being relatively healthy animals, poms are prone to a few minor health conditions. Due to their size, their range of motion is limited, which causes Luxating patella. This illness occurs when the kneecap starts slipping out of its socket. This illness goes hand in hand with another one of their illnesses called hypothyroidism. Hypothyroidism is when the thyroid gland does not produce enough hormones. This can lead to heart problems which are also common among these animals. Along with this, poms also have collapsing airways, making it harder for them to breathe, and progressive retinal atrophy, which causes vision loss. This can be bad if they get onto a couch or any elevated surface and can not see and could also pop a knee socket out.
Overall, the Pomeranian can prove itself to be a pretty high-maintenance dog, and they think of themselves the same way. Their bite is equally as aggressive as their bark, even if they are only a couple of pounds. Their princess lifestyle has to be kept up to date, so as an owner, if you can not keep up, maybe a Pomeranian is not the right dog for you. Especially with their long life span of 15 years, these little guys are an investment in time and your pockets.
Written by Angela Marie Fairman