Trees are an essential part of our planet. There are over 64,000 types of trees known to date and an estimated 10,000 more potentially in existence. All trees contribute to our daily living activities and provide significant benefits. Our goal is to provide a little more knowledge on tree identification so you can impress family or friends or just become a more well-informed citizen. This information will help you determine the types of trees around you and the many ways that trees help benefit us.
Understanding the Characteristics of Trees
There are two main types of trees within the vast number of tree species: coniferous and deciduous trees. Each tree type has characteristics that help us distinguish them‒making classification easier. Occasionally, there will be trees with features of the two types that will be identified later.
One of the most recognized tree types is the coniferous tree because of its association with Christmas. Coniferous trees maintain color even during the winter. Evergreens, a coniferous tree, have been a tradition for centuries during winter festivities. There is nothing quite like seeing white fluffy snow sitting on the branches of a coniferous tree. Coniferous trees do not grow leaves but instead produce cones and needles that remain on the tree year-round. Coniferous trees reduce winds, diminish soil erosion, and provide privacy.
When we think of childhood favorites, like Winnie the Pooh, many of the trees from the Hundred-acre woods are great examples of deciduous trees. Like the great beech tree where our friend Piglet resides. When the seasons change, these trees have the distinctive ability to experience different stages of growth as they cycle through losing leaves in the fall to prepare for winter versus blossoming beauty in the spring with potential flowers and new leaves sprouting from the branches. The actions of this type of tree prove the vitality of these magnificent living organisms.
The name gives this classification away, as this tree has characteristics that fit both types mentioned above. Trees of this type can grow cones and needles like the coniferous tree but can also change colors and lose needles yearly like deciduous trees. This makes these trees unique and rare. Some examples of this type of tree are the larch and the dawn redwood.
Examples of Deciduous and Coniferous Trees
There are many common coniferous trees, and some examples are cedars, firs, junipers, pines, hemlocks, spruces, cypresses, and redwoods. These trees are commodities because of their unique capabilities. Many resources come from the coniferous tree, resources like building materials, furniture, and many paper products. The coniferous tree also provides many natural chemicals used with solvents, paint, staining products, and oils in multiple industries.
Some examples of deciduous trees are maples, birches, oaks, ashes, willows, and beeches. However, hickory and chestnut are also two common types. Like coniferous trees, there are many purposes for deciduous trees. The resources from this type of tree have served to help humanity in areas like building, furniture, home heating, cooking, and feeding purposes. Many deciduous trees provide fruit like apples and peaches, depending on their location. These are trees more likely to be found in residential areas because of colorful leaves and shading purposes.
We want to convey some of the benefits of these fantastic living organisms. Trees tend to be more durable than other plant forms, which is why some species of trees live for thousands of years. One of the first things that most school-aged children learn is that trees provide oxygen and absorb carbon dioxide. Did you know there are several other things that trees provide us?
It is impossible to exaggerate the importance of trees to our planet. Trees have provided the natural biodiversity of our world with habitats and resources that otherwise might not exist. Trees help to provide clean water and protection from storm waters. Trees also help control our climate. Trees also provide significant support to humans’ social and health habits. This support encourages physical activities and helps to promote positive mental health. Trees also help decrease crime and violence. Trees help diminish risks of minor infractions, like graffiti and littering, as well as help prevent major offenses like property crimes like burglary and vandalism. Trees create social behaviors within communities, minimize stress levels, improve concentration, and support tourism in some areas.
Types of Trees: Conclusion
Trees are essential to our planet because they provide so many benefits. We must consider the importance of these beautiful living organisms. Trees face many tragedies, from deforestation to wildfires that wipe out entire habitats. As humans continue to evolve, trees suffer and are at greater risk of further destruction. Many programs focus on helping with reforestation by planting trees within areas that need them the most. Although we recommend researching legitimacy, these programs help support communities and plant new trees.
With billions of trees destroyed yearly, we must consider how this affects our world, future generations, and the animal species that these changes affect. We hope this topic is something you share with others and helps change your perception of how vital trees are.
Written by Jessica Sanom