Some of the peskiest messes in our homes are invisible to the naked eye, and one of these messes is indoor pollutants. Air purifiers have always been popular for individuals with allergies, but recently they have started to rise in popularity at the height of the COVID-19 pandemic. With growing concerns about air quality and indoor pollutants, air purifiers may be the key to clean breathing, but how do these devices work? Are they truly effective in getting rid of harmful particles in the air? Do they really contribute to a healthier home? Or is it all just clever branding to get you to purchase a fancy and overpriced fan? Read more to learn about the science behind the different kinds of air purifiers that are out there.
The Purpose of an Air Purifier
Air purifiers are traditionally small, fan-like devices that run constantly to clean the air in a particular space. They can range anywhere in price from $50 to $1500 and may include additional features such as timers and nightlights that make the device a multipurpose tool. Air purifiers are used to filter out and sanitize harmful particles in the air such as smoke, mold, bacteria, viruses, pollen, pet dander, and dust. This can be particularly beneficial for those with allergies, lung conditions, or sensitive sniffers and has even been found to remove odors from spaces.
How an Air Purifier Works
There are two different types of purifiers that work differently in cleaning the air around you: a filter purifier and an electrical attraction purifier. Some air purifiers contain both of these mechanisms while some just contain one, but either purifier type is effective when it comes to filtering and sanitizing the pollutants in your air.
Filters work by carefully sieving through the air and scooping up the small, unwanted particles from your space. Usually, these filters need to be replaced and the pollutants disposed of. The standard for these purifiers is the High Efficiency Particulate Air (HEPA) filters which guarantees the removal of 99.97% of particles in the air larger than .3 microns in size which makes them extremely efficient in removing small particles like dust and pollen from the air. Some filter purifiers even feature a UV light system that can remove bacteria and viruses from the air.
Electrical Attraction Filters
Rather than catching small particles from the air, a fan in an electrical attraction purifier draws particles in and charges them with high voltage wires. Plates then transport these particles and attract pollutants as they pass by. While this type of purifier only removes 95% of pollutants versus the filter’s 99.97% removal rate, you don’t have to replace any kind of filter which makes maintenance very simple.
Do they really work?
With air purifiers capable of removing up to 99.97% of harmful particles from the air, it’s safe to say that they aren’t just a marketing farce. Users have reported breathing easier and not noticing any unpleasant odors in the home with the use of an air purifier. Even after the removal of potential irritants such as pets, dander can remain in the air for months even with the absence of the animal which is where air purifiers can come into play and remove any pesky allergens. With more substances such as asbestos and radon being present in homes today, it is essential to own an air purifier to ensure the best health possible for yourself, your friends, and your family.
What they don’t do
While air purifiers are extremely efficient in cleaning out irritants from the air, they can’t ensure the removal of 100% of harmful particles in your home. Air purifiers cannot remove pollutants from surfaces such as couches, tables, and clothing. Consider taking a few extra measures such as measuring humidity, cleaning rugs, and washing pets frequently along with the use of an air purifier to further get rid of harmful toxins in your home.
Air purifiers work to clean the air in your home, and clean air is essential for clean living. An air purifier is a great asset for getting this done efficiently with little stress. Look into some of the best air purifiers on the market to make sure you’re getting the most efficient device possible for your home or personal space. Take a home air quality test today to determine if you could benefit from having an air purifier.
Written by Sophia Schultz