How to Fix Broken Registry Items on Windows 10

How to Fix Broken Registry Items on Windows 10

When you want to customize a certain setting on Windows 10, users often think of the Setting app. This is a tool to set up basic customizations and settings for your computer, but it’s unable to do some complicated background settings. Therefore, Microsoft has supported users with one more extremely effective assistant, which is the Registry Editor, or Registry for short. The questions you may have concerning the registry are: What is the Registry? How to Fix Broken Registry Items on Windows? The following article will give you answers to these questions .

What is the Registry Editor and What Does it Do?

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In fact, the Registry Editor on Windows 10 acts as a database where all the operating system specifications will be stored and divided into different folders and keys. The typical information stored includes all data related to the computer’s hardware and software. Not only that, here, the user’s computer settings will also be regularly updated and saved by the Registry. This tool also has the ability to connect with other applications on the computer such as Windows Settings, Control Panel, File Associations, etc. 

From the current version of the Windows XP operating system to Windows 10, the Registry Editor is always located in the C drive location of the computer, along with other important operating system installation folders.

For ordinary computer users, the Registry Editor is not really necessary, but you should still equip yourself with the basic knowledge of this tool to be able to fix basic problems or errors on your computer yourself. Besides, this tool plays an extremely important role for those who intend to delve into computer programming. Because it is the foundation for other advanced computer tricks like hacking and cracking. 

Arrangement Structure

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The Registry Editor has a very simple interface. The display window of this tool will be divided into two main columns. A column on the left shows the list of main folders and subfolders. The right column is used to provide more detailed information about each folder and the keys within that folder.

To search a directory quickly, you first need to understand what information each main directory branch is responsible for storing. 

  • HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT: basic and shared information of the entire computer system will be stored in this directory branch.
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USE: this is a specialized directory to store information during the user’s login and use of the computer.
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE: stores the hardware and software parameters of the machine.
  • HKEY_USERS: stores all login account information.
  • HKEY_CURRENT_CONFIG: contains information about the hardware in use.

Common Errors

If there is a problem with the Windows Registry, you might get an error like this:

  • The following file is missing or corrupt, and Windows is unable to start: \WINNT\SYSTEM32\CONFIG\SYSTEM
  • Stop 0xc0000218 (0xe11a30e8, 0x00000000, 0x000000000, 0x00000000) UNKNOWN_HARD_ERROR
  • Error in the system hive

No matter what error message you get, the steps to fix broken Registry items on Windows 10 are basically the same. 

Fixing Registry Errors

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The Registry on Windows 10 plays a very important role in the system. When the Registry is damaged, Windows 10 often appears with many different errors that affect the operation of the software. Repairing the Registry on Windows 10 is very simple because it can be restored using Windows 10’s repair tools. If you want to fix a corrupted Registry on Windows 10, you can do one of the following ways:

Fix Registry Errors with the SFC Scan Command

Using the SFC scan command is popular on Windows 10 because it will help your computer restore system files quickly. Fixing Registry errors using SFC is known to be reliable and popular by many users throughout the years.

Step 1: You proceed to open the Start Menu, enter Command Prompt, and select Run as administrator to open it with admin rights.

Step 2: When the Command Prompt window appears, enter the following command (SFC/scannow), and press Enter to launch.

Step 3: The system will automatically scan and fix Registry errors for you. Usually, the error correction time will last between five-ten minutes.

Fix Registry Errors with the DISM Scan Command

If the SFC scan command does not help you solve problems related to corrupted Registry errors, then you must use the more intensive DISM scan command.

Step 1: You proceed to open the Start Menu, enter Command Prompt, and select Run as administrator to open it with admin rights.

Step 2: You proceed to enter the following command (Dism/Online/Cleanup-Image/ScanHealth) and press Enter to launch the DISM scan command.

Step 3: To Restore the Registry on a Windows 10 system, use the following command (Dism/Online/Cleanup-Image/RestoreHealth) when the system has done scanning.

Fix Registry Errors Using the Windows 10 Repair Tool

In any case, using Windows 10’s autocorrect tool will help your computer system work more stable and that includes the Registry.

Step 1: You proceed to open the Start Menu and enter Settings to open the Settings.

Step 2: You select Update & Security to open extended settings on Windows.

Step 3: Here, you select Recovery Now to restart Windows 10 in error correction mode.

Step 4: In error repair mode, you select Troubleshoot to quickly fix errors on Window 10.

Step 5: Next, you select Advanced Options.

Step 6: Finally, you just choose the Start-up Repair button to have Windows 10 automatically correct Registry problems. Afterward, the system will restart your computer automatically.

How to Fix Broken Registry Items on Windows 10: Conclusion

The problem of a corrupted Registry on Windows 10 is generally quite simple to solve. We hope you will solve the problem after reading this article. 

Written by Chau Truong

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